Here are 10 things you should know about Hattie McDaniel, born 128 years ago today. Her legacy is a lasting one, but one can only wonder what might have been if Hollywood’s systemic racism had not held her back, as it did so many others.
Here are 10 things you should know about Louise Beavers, born 121 years ago today. She made the most of the limited opportunities Hollywood offered African-American performers in her day.
Here are 10 things you should know about Sam McDaniel, born 135 years ago today. In a 32-year Hollywood career, he appeared in more than 200 movies.
The delightful Louise Beavers was born 115 years ago today in Cincinnati, Ohio. Beavers made the very most of the extremely limited opportunities Hollywood offered African American performers in her time, but we can’t help but mourn for what might have been, for Beavers and for so many other black actresses and actors. Here are 10 LB Did-You-Knows:
- Beavers’ father, a school teacher, moved the family to Pasadena, California, when Louise was 11 years ago. While Beavers attended Pasadena High School, her mother, a voice teacher, trained her daughter for the concert stage, but Beavers instead joined an all-female minstrel company called “Lady Minstrels” and spent time in vaudeville. She also worked as a dressing room attendant for a photographer, a nurse, and as a personal maid to silent film star Leatrice Joy.
- A Central Casting Bureau talent scout named Charles Butler saw Beavers perform and urged her to try for a movie role. Beavers was hesitant due to the typically derogatory portrayal of African Americans in pictures at the time, but she was finally persuaded and won a role in Uncle Tom’s Cabin (1927).
- Though Beavers broke into movies near the end of the silent era, she smoothly made the transition into talkies, making more than 75 film appearances by 1935—she appeared in twenty pictures in 1933 alone! Though Beavers’ roles were (sadly) limited to the sort of maid, mammy and slave characters that black actresses were restricted to in those days, she brought a sense of wisdom, warmth and gentleness to them that allowed her to rise above their inherently cardboard, stereotypical nature.
- In 1934, Beavers was given a breakout role in Imitation of Life opposite Claudette Colbert. In that film, she plays Delilah Johnson, a single mother who agrees to serve as a housekeeper for a white widow named Bea Pullman (Colbert) in exchange for room and board for her and her daughter. Delilah and Bea team to open a pancake recipe (using Delilah’s secret recipe) and together become very wealthy, though their respective relationships with their daughters become strained. Beavers was billed fourth for the film, but anyone who’s seen the picture knows that she deserved equal billing with Ms. Colbert, not only for the size and importance of her role but for the memorable and moving performance she delivered.
- After that moment in the spotlight, though, Beavers returned to playing the secondary characters she’d always played, bringing humanity to them but leaving us 21st century movie buffs bemoaning what might have been if had Beavers been allowed to build on her wonderful work in Imitation of Life.
- Beavers was just a year older than Fredi Washington, who played her daughter in Imitation of Life.
- Like other black performers of the day, Beavers sometimes came in for criticism from the African-American community for accepting the kind of derogatory roles Hollywood offered. She defended herself and performers like her, saying, “I am only playing the parts. I don’t live them,” but as she became more successful and better known, she began to speak out more about Hollywood’s poor treatment of black performers.
- Even after finding success in movies, Beavers continued to work in live theatre, taking part in annual tours of twenty weeks’ duration.
- Beavers was the third of three actresses to portray Beulah Brown on the comedic television program The Beulah Show, which began as a radio show before moving to TV. Ethel Waters originated the role on television, followed by Hattie McDaniel, whose health forced her to drop out after just six episodes, at which point Beavers came in as her replacement. The show came in for criticism for its stereotypical characters, but it was the first sitcom to star an African-American performer.
- Among the more than 150 features and shorts in which Beavers appeared are Our Blushing Brides (1930), What Price Hollywood? (1932), 42nd Street (1933), The Story of Temple Drake (1933), Bombshell (1933), Make Way for Tomorrow (1937), Made for Each Other (1939), Mr. Blandings Builds His Dream House (1948) and The Jackie Robinson Story (1950).
Happy birthday, Louise Beavers, wherever you may be!
Hattie McDaniel was born 121 (or perhaps 123—see below) years ago today in Wichita, Kansas. If we were to make a list of departed stars of the Golden Age of Hollywood whom we’d like to meet in heaven, Ms. McDaniel would most certainly be on it.
Here are 10 Hattie McDaniel Did-You-Knows?:
- In the 1910s and ’20s, McDaniel worked as a vocalist in a band
- It’s thought by some that she was the first African-American woman to sing on the radio, when she appeared on a Denver-based broadcast as the vocalist for Professor George Morrison’s Negro Orchestra.
- She made her movie debut in The Golden West (1932).
- McDaniel was the first African American to win an
- In addition to work in pictures, McDaniel kept busy in radio, playing recurring roles on Amos and Andy and on Eddie Cantor‘s radio programs. She also starred in her own radio show, Beulah, from 1947-1951 (the show later migrated to television).
- Her siblings Sam and Etta McDaniel also acted in pictures.
- Her father was a former slave.
- McDaniel was depicted on a USA commemorative postage stamp, issued on January 25, 2006.
- Hattie McDaniel may have been two years older than she claimed. The 1895 Kansas census cited her age as two.
- McDaniel’s wish to be buried in Hollywood was denied due to racial attitudes and practices of the day when she died in 1952; she was instead interred at Los Angeles’ Rosedale Cemetery. A pink-and-gray granite monument in her memory was placed in Hollywood Forever Cemetery in 1999, 47 years after her death.
Happy birthday, Ms. McDaniel, wherever you maybe!